✍️✍️✍️ Purpose Of Marriage In Islam
By purpose of marriage in islam different agencies involved in safeguarding Sunnah, you are doing your duty as a good Muslim. Making sex purpose of marriage in islam the spouses legal is one important function of nikah. Muslim Matters. Sunnah salat Tahajjud Purpose of marriage in islam. Archived at the Wayback Machine.
What is the Purpose of Marriage? A Muslim Perspective - Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Please enter a valid email. The original meaning of the word nikah is the physical relationship between man and woman. It is also used secondarily to refer to the contract of marriage which makes that relationship lawful. Which of the two meanings is intended can be determined by the context in which it is used. Since this only focuses on one aspect of the marriage contract, Muhammad Abu Zahrah a modern scholar defines it like this:. Ibn 'Uthaimin 'Uthaymin takes an even more comprehensive view of the institution of marriage in his definition of it as:.
Like anything a Muslim does, marriage should only be undertaken after gaining an understanding of all that Allah has prescribed in terms of rights and obligations as well as gaining an understanding of the wisdom behind this institution. Nearly all peoples and all societies practice marriage in some form, just as they practice business buying and selling. Likewise, a Muslim should not engage in something as important as marriage without having understanding of the purpose of marriage in Islam as well as a comprehensive understanding of the rights and obligations which it brings about.
One of the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence says that: "The default state of all things is lawfulness until some evidence shows otherwise. Relations between men and women do not follow this general principle and in fact are opposite to it. The principle is that: "Relations between men and women are forbidden until some evidence shows otherwise. One of the most important purposes of marriage is to continue and increase the population of the Muslims. Clearly, this goal could be achieved without marriage, but when actions are undertaken in disobedience to Allah, they do not receive the blessing of Allah and the whole society is corrupted.
The Prophet peace and blessings be upon him said:. It should be stressed that the goal is not simply to produce any child that will live in the next generation. It is to produce righteous children who will be obedient to Allah and who will be a source of reward for their parents after they die. The Prophet peace and blessings be upon him will NOT be boasting before the other nations on the day of Qiyama with children of Muslim parents who left the path of Islam. Thus it is the responsibility of Muslim parents to seek the means of giving their children the training and education they need not just to grow, but to succeed as Muslims worshipping and obeying Allah. This obligation may include migration hijrah , establishing of Muslim communities and schools and other obligations.
As the scholars have said in another principle of fiqh:. Islam is the religion of the fitrah - the religion which is consistent with the natural instincts and needs of mankind. It is not like the man-made of modified religions which set unnatural constraints on people whether self-inflicted prohibition of marriage nuns and monks, etc. Men are inclined toward women and women are inclined toward men.
Marriage is the institution which fulfills this desire and channels it in ways pleasing to Allah Most High. Allah mentions this attraction:. The Messenger of Allah himself made clear that the attraction between the sexes is something natural and not something to be denied or suppressed - only channeled in the ways pleasing to Allah Most High, saying:. In its 'Ibadah aspect, marriage is an act pleasing to Allah because it is in accordance with his commandments that husband and wife love each other and help each other to make efforts to continue the human race and rear and nurse their children to become true servants of Allah.
In its mu'amalah aspect, marriage being a lawful response to the basic biological instinct to have sexual intercourse and to procreate children, the Shari'ah has prescribed detailed rules for translating this response into a living human institution reinforced by a whole framework of legally enforceable rights and duties, not only of the spouses, but also of their offspring. These aspects are beautifully explained in a tradition of the Prophet. It is narrated by Anas that the Messenger of Allah peace and blessings be upon him said,. The Prophet considered marriage for a Muslim as half of his religion because it shields him from promiscuity, adultery, fornication, homosexuality etc. According to the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him the remaining half of the faith can be saved by Taqwa.
Careful consideration of the Quranic injunctions and the traditions of the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him clearly show that marriage is compulsory wajib for a man who has the means to easily pay the Mahr dowry and to support a wife and children, and is healthy, and fears that if does not marry, he may be tempted to commit fornication Zina. It is also compulsory for a woman who has no other means of maintaining herself and who fears that her sexual urge may push her into fornication. But even for a person who has a strong will to control his sexual desire, who has no wish to have children, and who feels that marriage will keep him away from his devotion to Allah, it is commendable Mandub.
However, according to the Maliki school, under certain conditions it is obligatory fard for a Muslim to marry even if he is not in a position to earn his living:. If he is unable to fast to control his passions or his fasting does not help him to refrain from Zina. However some jurists suggest that if a man cannot procure a lawful livelihood, he must not marry because if he marries without any hope of getting lawful bread, he may commit theft, and in order to avoid one evil his passions he may become the victim of another theft. If he cannot fast to control his passions or even if he can fast, his fast does not help him to control his passion.
Marriage is forbidden Haram to a man, according to the Hanafi school, if he does not possess the means to maintain his wife and children or if he suffers from an illness, serious enough to affect his wife and progeny. It is not desirable makruh for a man who possesses no sexual desire at all or who has no love for children or who is sure to be slackened in his religious obligations as a result of marriage. In order that problems should not arise after marriage the Prophet peace and blessings be upon him recommended that, in the selection of his bride, a man should see her before betrothal lest blindness of choice or an error of judgment should defeat the very purpose of marriage. But this "seeing" is not to be taken as a substitute for the "courtship" of the West.
The man should not gaze passionately at his bride-to-be, but only have a critical look at her face and hands to acquaint himself with her personality and beauty. However, if a man so desires, he may appoint a woman to go and interview the proposed bride, so that she may fully describe the type of girl she is. Since believing men and women are referred to in the Quran, a woman also has the right to look at her potential husband.
The special permission for men and women to see each other with a view to matrimony does not contravene the code of conduct for believing men and women to lower their gaze and be modest which is laid down in the Noble Quran:. The consent of both the man and the women is an essential element of marriage, and the Quran gives women a substantial role in choosing their own life partners.
It lays down:. However, Imam Malik, one of the four great Imams of the Sunni schools of Islamic jurisprudence, gives a slightly restrictive interpretation to this verse and makes the choice of partner by a Muslim girl subject to the over-ruling power or ijbar of her father or guardian in the interests of the girl herself. It may sometimes happen that in her immaturity or over-zealousness, a girl may want to marry a man about whom she has distorted information or who does not possess good character or who lacks proper means of livelihood.
In such a case, it is better, or rather incumbent upon the girl's father or guardian, that, in the wider interests of the girl, he restrains her from marrying such a worthless man and finds a suitable person to be her husband. Generally speaking, such marriages arranged by fathers and guardians work better than a marriage brought about through western courtship. They proposed marriage to Fatimah bint Ghaith. The Prophet peace and blessings be upon him advised Fatimah not to marry either of them on the grounds that Mu'awiyah was then a pauper and Abu Juham was cruel and harsh. So she married Usamah. The Quran  refers to marriage as a mithaq, i. Since no agreement can be reached between the parties unless they give their consent to it, marriage can be contracted only with the free consent of the two parties.
The Prophet peace and blessings be upon him said,. This aspect is greatly emphasized by Imam Bukhari. He, in fact, gave one of the chapters in his Sahih the significant title:. The Prophet gave her the right to repudiate the marriage. Thus widows are also at liberty to re-marry, even within the period mentioned above; and if they do so they must forgo their claim to traditional maintenance during the remainder of the year. However, it must be remembered that the power of ijbar given to the a father or the guardian by the Maliki school over their selection of life- partner obtains in all the situations considered above, namely, whether the daughter or the ward is a virgin or divorcee or widow.
Under the Shari'ah, marriages between men and women standing in a certain relationship to one another are prohibited. These prohibited degrees are either of a permanent nature or a temporary. The permanently prohibited degrees of marriage are laid down in the Noble Quran:. It was ever lewdness and abomination, and an evil way. Forbidden unto you are your mothers and your daughters, and your sisters and your father's sisters and your mother's sisters, and your brother's daughters and your sister's daughters, and your foster-mothers and your foster-sisters, and your mothers-in-law and your step-daughters who are under your mother-in-law and your step-daughters who are under your protection born of your women unto whom you have gone into -- but if you have not gone into them, then it is no sin for you to marry their daughters -- and the wives of your sons from your own loins, and that you should have two sisters together, except what has already happened of that nature in the past.
Allah is ever-Forgiving, Merciful. His step-mother this practice continues in Yoruba land in Nigeria, where in some cases the eldest son inherits the youngest wife of his father. His grandmother including father's and mother's mothers and all preceding mothers' e. His step-daughter i. However, if such a marriage was not consummated, there is no prohibition. A great wisdom lies behind these prohibitions on the grounds of consanguinity, affinity, and fosterage. No social cohesion can exist if people do not keep these prohibitions in their minds while contracting marriages. Temporary prohibitions are those which arise only on account of certain special circumstances in which the parties are placed.
If the circumstances change, the prohibition also disappears. They are as follows:. A man must not have two sisters as wives at the same time nor can he marry a girl and her aunt at the same time. A man must not marry a woman who is already married.Quran  "O you who purpose of marriage in islam, when believing women abandon the enemy Positive Psychology Assessment ask purpose of marriage in islam asylum with you, you shall test them. People will see you as someone to purpose of marriage in islam respected. Purpose of marriage in islam should be a means of acquiring nearness to the Almighty Allah. Allah purpose of marriage in islam this attraction:. Enable All Save Settings.