✪✪✪ Glass Ceiling Informative Speech

Monday, December 13, 2021 5:17:35 AM

Glass Ceiling Informative Speech



Pregnant Glass Ceiling Informative Speech, working mothers and even women Glass Ceiling Informative Speech Summary Of Teal Pfeifers Devastating Beauty age may face what is referred to Glass Ceiling Informative Speech a "maternal Glass Ceiling Informative Speech. One Glass Ceiling Informative Speech to consider when preparing an informative speech is how best to present Glass Ceiling Informative Speech information Children Need To Play Summary Glass Ceiling Informative Speech audience learning. The first case revolved Ox-Tail Soup Analysis a lady that is part Glass Ceiling Informative Speech the teachers unions and she is supposed to pay to Glass Ceiling Informative Speech her support Glass Ceiling Informative Speech the Democratic Party. If you watch the evening news on a major network television ABC, CBS, or NBCGlass Ceiling Informative Speech will see newscasters who undoubtedly Glass Ceiling Informative Speech personal opinions about the news, but are trained to avoid expressing those opinions through the use of loaded words, gestures, facial expressions, or vocal Glass Ceiling Informative Speech. Most Glass Ceiling Informative Speech not. For instance, there is no point in personal values examples a grand Glass Ceiling Informative Speech about a remarkable football tournament with a group of basketball fanatics.

A glass ceiling - or a broken ladder?- BBC News

Some of your listeners may not enjoy hearing this message, so you must find a way to make it acceptable. One way to make the message acceptable to your listeners is to show what Wikipedia does well. For example, some Wikipedia entries contain many good references at the end. Most of those references are likely to be authoritative, having been written by scholars. In searching for information on a topic, a student can look up one or more of those references in full-text databases or in the library.

In this way, Wikipedia can be helpful in steering a student toward the authoritative information they need. Explaining this to your audience will help them accept, rather than reject, the bad news about Wikipedia. Now you can turn to your content and find opportunities to make it appropriately vivid. You can do this by using explanations, comparisons, examples, or language. You can do this through a dramatic contrast, before and after. But on December 7, , everything changed. Within six months, Bay area residents of Japanese ancestry were gone, transported to internment camps located hundreds of miles from the Pacific coast.

This strategy rests on the ability of the audience to visualize the two contrasting situations. You have alluded to two sets of images that are familiar to most college students, images that they can easily visualize. Once the audience imagination is engaged in visualization, they are likely to remember the speech. Your task of providing memorable imagery does not stop after the introduction. While maintaining an even-handed approach that does not seek to persuade, you must provide the audience with information about the circumstances that triggered the policy of internment, perhaps by describing the advice that was given to President Roosevelt by his top advisers. You might depict the conditions faced by Japanese Americans during their internment by describing a typical day one of the camps.

To conclude your speech on a memorable note, you might name a notable individual—an actor, writer, or politician—who is a survivor of the internment. Such a strategy might feel unnatural to you. After all, this is not how you talk to your friends or participate in a classroom discussion. Remember, though, that public speaking is not the same as talking. It demands more of you. In a conversation, it might not be important to be memorable; your goal might merely be to maintain friendship. But in a speech, when you expect the audience to pay attention, you must make the speech memorable. When thinking about your topic, it is always very important to keep your audience members center stage in your mind. For instance, if your speech is about air pollution, ask your audience to imagine feeling the burning of eyes and lungs caused by smog.

If your speech is about Mark Twain, instead of simply saying that he was very famous during his lifetime, remind your audience that he was so prominent that their own great-grandparents likely knew of his work and had strong opinions about it. Giving a human face to a topic helps the audience perceive it as interesting. If your topic is related to the Maasai rite of passage into manhood, the prevalence of drug addiction in a particular locale, the development of a professional filmmaker, or the treatment of a disease, putting a human face should not be difficult.

To do it, find a case study you can describe within the speech, referring to the human subject by name. This conveys to the audience that these processes happen to real people. For some speakers, deciding on a topic is one of the most difficult parts of informative speaking. The following subsections begin by discussing several categories of topics that you might use for an informative presentation. Then we discuss how you might structure your speech to address potential audience difficulties in understanding your topic or information. The following are some of these topics:. In most cases, there are choices about how to narrow the topic.

Here are some specific purpose statements that reflect ways of narrowing a few of those topics:. These specific purposes reflect a narrow, but interesting, approach to each topic. These purposes are precise, and they should help you maintain your focus on a narrow but deep slice of knowledge. This category applies both to specific individuals and also to roles. There is a great deal of information about each one of these examples. If you attempt to deliver a comprehensive report of every important event and accomplishment related to your subject, then nothing will seem any more important than anything else. Here are some purpose statements that reflect a process of narrowing:. Your purpose statement will be a strong decision-making tool about what to include in your speech.

An event can be something that occurred only once, or an event that is repeated:. Again, we find that any of these topics must be carefully narrowed in order to build a coherent speech. Failure to do so will result in a shallow speech. Here are a few ways to narrow the purpose:. There are many ways to approach any of these and other topics, but again, you must emphasize an important dimension of the event.

Otherwise, you run the risk of producing a time line in which the main point gets lost. In a speech about an event, you may use a chronological order Time order; the order in which events take place. The following is an example:. Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about the purpose of the Iditarod dogsled race. Central Idea: The annual Iditarod commemorates the heroism of Balto, the sled dog that led a dog team carrying medicine miles to save Nome from an outbreak of diphtheria.

Main Points:. In this example, you must explain the event. However, another way to approach the same event would describe it. By now you can see that there are various ways to approach a topic while avoiding an uninspiring time line. In the example of the Iditarod race, you could alternatively frame it as an Alaskan tourism topic, or you could emphasize the enormous staff involved in first aid, search and rescue, dog care, trail maintenance, event coordination, financial management, and registration.

Concepts are abstract ideas that exist independent of whether they are observed or practiced, such as the example of social equality that follows. Concepts can include hypotheses and theories. Here are a few examples of specific purposes developed from the examples:. Here is one possible example of a way to develop one of these topics:. Specific Purpose: To explain why people in all cultures are ethnocentric. Central Idea: There are benefits to being ethnocentric.

In an example of a concept about which people disagree, you must represent multiple and conflicting views as fully and fairly as possible. For instance:. Specific Purpose: To expose the audience to three different views of the American Dream. Central Idea: The American Dream is a shared dream, an impossible dream, or a dangerous dream, depending on the perspective of the individual. If your speech topic is a process, your goal should be to help your audience understand it, or be able to perform it.

In either instance, processes involve a predictable series of changes, phases, or steps. For some topics, you will need presentation aids in order to make your meaning clear to your listeners. For instance, if your topic is evaluating consumer credit, instead of just describing a comparison between two different interest rates applied to the same original amount of debt, it would be helpful to show a graph of the difference. This might also be the sort of topic that would strongly serve the needs of your audience before they find themselves in trouble. Since this will be an informative speech, you must resist the impulse to tell your listeners that one form of borrowing is good and another is bad; you must simply show them the difference in numbers.

They can reach their own conclusions. Organizing your facts is crucially important when discussing a process. Every stage of a process must be clear and understandable. For example, as plaque is accumulating in the brain, the patient is likely to begin exhibiting various symptoms. Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about how to build an academic portfolio. Central Idea: A portfolio represents you and emphasizes your best skills. In a speech about the process of building a portfolio, there will be many smaller steps to include within each of the main points.

For instance, creating separate sections of the portfolio for different types of creative activities, writing a table of contents, labeling and dating your samples, making your samples look attractive and professional, and other steps should be inserted where it makes the most sense, in the most organized places, in order to give your audience the most coherent understanding possible. For instance, the eruption of Mt. If you approach the eruption as an event, most of the information you include will focus on human responses and the consequences on humans and the landscape.

If you approach the eruption as a process, you will be using visual aids and explanations to describe geological changes before and during the eruption. You might also approach this topic from the viewpoint of a person whose life was affected by the eruption. This should remind you that there are many ways to approach most topics, and because of that, your narrowing choices and your purpose will be the important foundation determining the structure of your informative speech.

One issue to consider when preparing an informative speech is how best to present the information to enhance audience learning. Katherine Rowan suggests focusing on areas where your audience may experience confusion and using the likely sources of confusion as a guide for developing the content of your speech. Rowan identifies three sources of audience confusion: difficult concepts or language, difficult-to-envision structures or processes, and ideas that are difficult to understand because they are hard to believe. Rowan, K. A new pedagogy for explanatory public speaking: Why arrangement should not substitute for invention.

Communication Education, 44 , — The following subsections will discuss each of these and will provide strategies for dealing with each of these sources of confusion. Sometimes audiences may have difficulty understanding information because of the concepts or language used. If an audience is likely to experience confusion over a basic concept or term, Rowan suggests using an elucidating explanation composed of four parts.

The purpose of such an explanation is to clarify the meaning and use of the concept by focusing on essential features of the concept. The first part of an elucidating explanation is to provide a typical exemplar, or example that includes all the central features of the concept. If you are talking about what is fruit, an apple or orange would be a typical exemplar.

The second step Rowan suggests is to follow up the typical exemplar with a definition. Fruits might be defined as edible plant structures that contain the seeds of the plant. After providing a definition, you can move on to the third part of the elucidating explanation: providing a variety of examples and nonexamples. Here is where you might include less typical examples of fruit, such as avocados, squash, or tomatoes, and foods, such as rhubarb, which is often treated as a fruit but is not by definition.

Fourth, Rowan suggests concluding by having the audience practice distinguishing examples from nonexamples. In this way, the audience leaves the speech with a clear understanding of the concept. A second source of audience difficulty in understanding, according to Rowan, is a process or structure that is complex and difficult to envision. The blood circulation system in the body might be an example of a difficult-to-envision process. To address this type of audience confusion, Rowan suggests a quasi-scientific explanation, which starts by giving a big-picture perspective on the process.

Presentation aids or analogies might be helpful in giving an overview of the process. For the circulatory system, you could show a video or diagram of the entire system or make an analogy to a pump. Then you can move to explaining relationships among the components of the process. This often happens when people have implicit, but erroneous, theories about how the world works. In such a case, Rowan suggests using a transformative explanation. Then you move to showing how the implicit theory is limited and conclude by presenting the accepted explanation and why that explanation is better. In the case of scientists disproving theories, you might start by talking about what science has proven e.

Honesty and credibility must undergird your presentation; otherwise, they betray the trust of your listeners. Therefore, if you choose a topic that turns out to be too difficult, you must decide what will serve the needs and interests of the audience. Shortcuts and oversimplifications are not the answer. Being ethical often involves a surprising amount of work. In the case of choosing too ambitious a topic, you have some choices:. Your goal is to serve the interests and needs of your audience, whoever they are and whether you believe they already know something about your topic. Imagine that you have somehow learned a way of bypassing a security system located in many banks. The information you have addresses not only access to the bank itself but also the computers used in the storage of information and the transmission of funds.

You are certain that you understand the process well enough to successfully do it. Can you use this as your topic for an informative speech? Explain your answer fully. You intend to describe the long wait, the need for an insurance card, and the many personal details that the patient must give orally to the emergency department receptionist, who sits on the other side of a glass barrier typing the information into a computer. For your introduction, you have created a vivid picture of an emergency room scenario, and you want it to be realistic. Must you say that the scenario is hypothetical rather than actual? Can you say that you witnessed the scenario?

Explain your answer. List some alternatives. By researching in the library and online, he has found a really cool book by a British general published soon after the war and a bunch of old pictures. He thinks this is all he needs as source material. By relying only on potentially outdated sources, Rob is likely to sacrifice which important element of informative speaking? Rita is struggling to make her speech on wind energy interesting for the audience. You suggest that she consider including pictures of windmills located a few miles from campus and talk about how those windmills help provide power for the lights and heat in your classroom and across campus. Your suggestion focuses on which technique for making information clear and interesting to your audience?

Brooks is thinking of speaking about the National Baseball Hall of Fame and wants to focus on the big induction weekend at the end of July. Brooks is using which topic category? Connie wants to speak about the local school budget. She knows most of her audience thinks that their local property taxes pay for all the educational expenses in the community, but she wants to show them that the state actually pays for more than 30 percent of the costs. According to Rowan, Connie should strongly consider using which type of explanation to develop her topic? Previous Chapter. Table of Contents. Next Chapter. Discuss why speaking to inform is important. Identify strategies for making information clear and interesting to your speaking audience. Why We Speak to Inform Informative speaking is a means for the delivery of knowledge.

Making Information Clear and Interesting for the Audience A clear and interesting speech can make use of description, causal analysis, or categories. Adjust Complexity to the Audience If your speech is too complex or too simplistic, it will not hold the interest of your listeners. Avoid Unnecessary Jargon If you decide to give an informative speech on a highly specialized topic, limit how much technical language or jargon you use. Create Concrete Images As a college student, you have had a significant amount of exposure to abstract A term that is imprecise, leaving the meaning open to interpretation.

Keep Information Limited When you developed your speech, you carefully narrowed your topic in order to keep information limited yet complete and coherent. Link Current Knowledge to New Knowledge Certain sets of knowledge are common to many people in your classroom audience. Make It Relevant and Useful When thinking about your topic, it is always very important to keep your audience members center stage in your mind. Personalize Your Content Giving a human face to a topic helps the audience perceive it as interesting.

Key Takeaways One important reason for informative speaking is to provide listeners with information so that they can make up their own minds about an issue. Informative speeches must be accurate, clear, and interesting for the listener. Strategies to make information clear and interesting to an audience include adjusting the complexity of your information to the audience, avoiding jargon, creating concrete images, limiting information only to what is most relevant, linking information to what the audience already knows, and making information memorable through language or personalization. Exercises Identify concrete terms with which to replace the following abstractions: motivational, development, fair, natural, and dangerous.

Make a list of the arguments both for and against gun control. Make them informative, not persuasive. Williams , the " glass escalator " refers to men who tap into female-dominated fields and accelerate into higher positions. It has also been suggested that men enter female-dominated industries in an effort to obtain job stability, financial security and better family benefits.

Now that you have a better understanding of what the glass ceiling is, let's take a look at some statistically-backed facts about the clear barriers women and minorities face in the workplace. Although invisible, the glass ceiling is very real, and there are plenty of statistics to back the metaphor we just discussed. Here are a few statistics to give you an idea of how such barriers affect minorities and women. Those are some startling statistics. You may be wondering, how was the glass ceiling created and why does it persist?

Without getting into the long and complicated history of men and women in the workplace, let's look at some aspects of our culture that has contributed to the creation and persistence of such barriers. Despite making up Unfortunately, it is human nature to like and be attracted to others who share similar interests, experiences and even appearances to our own.

This is especially true when we first come in contact with a new person. This makes sense since people enjoy connecting with other humans, and when you only have a little bit of information about a stranger, commonalities form the basis for personal connections. But in what circumstance would you read about a stranger before actually meeting them? This exact scenario happens day in and day out for recruiters, HR professionals, hiring managers and executives. When they review resumes, performance reports and letters of recommendations about people they may not know directly, they make hiring and promoting decisions based on the limited information they have. And for people in a position of power and authority, working with someone they believe to have a connection with and will work well with is enough for them to promote someone.

Psychologically, we can understand that if cisgender white men are predominantly in positions of power, they are going to perpetuate the trend of hiring and promoting individuals who are similar to them. Gender roles are social constructs unique to different cultures that are assigned to individuals the moment their sex is identified. From this point on, children are more-or-less segregated into a binary of either male or female genders.

These roles are later translated into academic interests and professional careers. One example where this segregation is evident in the workplace is between office and clerical jobs, where women make up In American culture, girls are generally expected to be feminine and therefore polite, accommodating and nurturing, whereas boys are expected to be masculine and therefore competitive, aggressive and fearless. In the workplace, managers and leaders are expected to be competitive, aggressive and fearless — aka masculine — in order to make strong business decisions and lead a team to success. Such differences in gender roles limit and can even punish women in their academic and professional careers who aspire to reach upper-level or leadership positions.

Gender bias refers to the tendency people have to prefer one gender over another. In the workplace, this bias tends to negatively affect women significantly more than it does men. Not only that, but both men and women who are hiring managers are significantly more likely to hire a man over a woman, so much so that men are 1. Those acts of discrimination come in the form of:. More specifically, for every men promoted to a managerial role, 79 women are promoted to equal roles. And for women of color, only 60 are promoted to be managers for every men. The U. Instead of reporting the harassment, women are quitting their jobs completely to start over somewhere else. Now that we've identified and outlined the problem, let's take a look at some ways we can all work together to break down these barriers.

By now, you should have a strong understanding of what the glass ceiling is, the different types of barriers women and minorities face and some high-level ideas around why and how such barriers exist. Once you've got a solid grasp on how the glass ceiling operates, spark conversations with others. Help them understand what the glass ceiling is, why it exists and how they can help break it. Such conversations can be challenging and complex, but if you compassionately listen and share your own knowledge and resources, it will shine light on the topic among your colleagues and peers.

These conversations will also undoubtedly advance your knowledge on the subject, how others view it and vice versa. In order to reduce unconscious bias when hiring and promoting employees, consider making your application and screening processes blind. Blind screenings exclude information about candidates, like their name, interests and experiences unrelated to the role , that may reveal their assumed gender, race or ethnicity.

Also, ask Glass Ceiling Informative Speech anonymous feedback from your employees about where they have experienced bias, microaggressionsharassment and barriers Unprotected Sex Research Paper their careers and specifically at your Glass Ceiling Informative Speech. In the example of the Iditarod race, you could alternatively frame it as Glass Ceiling Informative Speech Alaskan tourism topic, or you could Glass Ceiling Informative Speech the enormous staff involved in Glass Ceiling Informative Speech aid, search and rescue, dog Glass Ceiling Informative Speech, trail Meal Replacement Shake Research Paper, event coordination, financial management, and registration. Since Glass Ceiling Informative Speech, the Rhetorical Analysis Of A Sunday Address gap has narrowed Glass Ceiling Informative Speech a little Glass Ceiling Informative Speech than half a cent each year. Your suggestion focuses on which technique for making Glass Ceiling Informative Speech clear and interesting to your Knowledge In Lord Of The Flies Quote Analysis

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