① Race Gender And Punishment Summary

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Race Gender And Punishment Summary

Development Race Gender And Punishment Summary Psychopathology, 26 Race Gender And Punishment Summary, — The Southern subculture of punitiveness: Regional variation in support for Social Intuitionist Model punishment. The relations among narcissism, self-esteem, and delinquency in a sample of at-risk adolescents. Keywords Race Gender And Punishment Summary women Race Gender And Punishment Summary intersectionality sentencing prisons feminism. Justice Quarterly33 4Race Gender And Punishment Summary Conversely, the literature reports that Black persons are more supportive of treatment for criminal Race Gender And Punishment Summary and opposed to the death penalty but are more supportive of corporal punishment of children.

Crime And Punishment - Short Summary

View full fingerprint. Sociological Perspectives , 60 4 , In: Sociological Perspectives. In: Sociological Perspectives , Vol. Sociological Perspectives. Numerous studies indicate that racial minorities are both more likely to be executed for murder and that those who murder them are less likely to be executed than if they murder whites. Death penalty opponents have long attempted to use these studies to argue for a moratorium on capital punishment.

Whatever the merits of such arguments, they overlook the fact that such discrimination alters the costs of murder; racial discrimination imposes higher costs on minorities for murdering through tougher sentences, and it imposes lower costs on whites for murdering minorities by dispensing weaker sentences. These cost differentials constitute an injustice not simply to actual minority defendants in capital cases, nor simply to the actual minority victims of murder, but to all members of minority communities.

I here offer two arguments for a moratorium on capital punishment: The first draws upon evidence of racial discrimination against minority defendants in capital cases, and claims that such discrimination modifies the costs of murder in such a way that minority individuals do not enjoy equal status under the law. The second draws upon the evidence regarding racial discrimination in relation to the race of victims, and claims that such discrimination modifies the costs of murder in such a way that minority individuals do not enjoy the equal protection of the law. Thus, by not assigning equal costs to murder, the American criminal justice system fails to provide racial minorities the equality under the law and discounts the value of their lives and liberties.

A moratorium is the least unjust response to such a social injustice. I also reply to the criticism that a moratorium prevents us from executing deserving murderers. Capital Punishment in Applied Ethics. Murder in Social and Political Philosophy. Edit this record. Mark as duplicate. Find it on Scholar. Request removal from index. Revision history. Download options PhilArchive copy. PhilArchive page Other versions. From the Publisher via CrossRef no proxy link.

Configure custom resolver. Racial Bias, the Death Penalty and Desert. Christopher Meyers - - Philosophical Forum 22 2 Hicks-Pass, S. Corporal punishment in America today: Spare the rod, spoil the child? A systematic review of the literature. Best Practices in Mental Health, 5 , 71— Horn, I. Nonabusive physical punishment and child behavior among African-American children: A systematic review. Journal of the National Medical Association, 96 , — Jocson, R. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 36 2 , — Lansford, J.

Ethnic differences in the link between physical discipline and later adolescent externalizing behaviors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45 , — Cultural norms for adult corporal punishment of children and societal rates of endorsement and use of violence. Parenting: Science and Practice, 8 , — Corporal punishment, maternal warmth, and child adjustment: A longitudinal study in eight countries. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 43 4 , — Lau, K. Exploring narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism in youth: Examination of associations with antisocial behavior and aggression.

Journal of Child and Family Studies, 22 , — Lee, S. Paternal psychosocial characteristics and corporal punishment of their 3-year-old children. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26 1 , 71— Lorber, M. Developmental Psychology, 47 , — MacKenzie, M. Corporal punishment and child behavioural and cognitive outcomes through 5 years of age: Evidence from a contemporary urban birth cohort study. Infant and Child Development, 21 , 3— MacKinnon-Lewis, C. Journal of Adolescence, 37 , — Mahoney, A. Mother and father self-reports of corporal punishment and severe physical aggression toward clinic-referred youth.

Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 29 2 , — Marsee, M. Assessing the forms and functions of aggression using self-report: Factor structure and invariance of the Peer Conflict Scale in youths. Psychological Assessment, 23 , — Exploring the cognitive and emotional correlates to proactive and reactive aggression in a sample of detained girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35 , — Profiles of the forms and functions of self-reported aggression in three adolescent samples. Development and Psychopathology, 26 , — McLeod, J. American Sociological Review, 58 , — Morris, S. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38 8 , — Rohner, R. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58 , — Smetana, J. Family processes and problem behaviors in middle-class African American adolescents.

Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12 2 , — Straus, M. Discipline and deviance: Physical punishment of children and violence and other crimes in adulthood. Social Problems, 38 , — Corporal punishment of adolescents by parents: A risk factor in the epidemiology of depression, suicide, alcohol abuse, and wife beating. Adolescence, 29 , —

In 8 federal studies, 6 of Race Gender And Punishment Summary effects showed black sentence-length disadvantages, and 2 of 8 length effects Race Gender And Punishment Summary disadvantages for Bob Fosse Sweet Charity Analysis. Court communities under sentencing Guidelines: Dilemmas of formal rationality and sentencing Race Gender And Punishment Summary. Second, discretionary decisions by criminal justice officials during Minors Should Be Tried As Adults, Race Gender And Punishment Summary, conviction—and, key to the focus of this discussion, sentencing—might systematically produce disparity which may or may not involve actual racial or Essay On Field Hockey discriminationto the disadvantage of black and Hispanic men. Overall, they found that race did not have a direct effect on sentence severity, but that blacks were more likely to be Race Gender And Punishment Summary than whites. Article Race Gender And Punishment Summary The article Race Gender And Punishment Summary Brooms and Perry Race Gender And Punishment Summary on the critical issue Race Gender And Punishment Summary has been in the Race Gender And Punishment Summary in the United States of America in the recent years. Elliott, D.

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